June 23, 2017

Chris Cramer – NM State Commentary – Onion ipmPIPE

onion 3

2013NewMexicoCommentary (07-24-13)

New Mexico Commentary

Onion Crop Growth Stage and Status Last Modified: 07/24/13

The spring sown-crop onion crop is now at growth stages 8-10 and harvest season is near its end.

Bulb yields and quality have been good as environmental conditions have been ideal. This will

be the final report from New Mexico for this year.

 

Weather Impacts (temperature, rain, hail, freezing) Last Modified: 07/24/13

Temperatures have been unseasonably cool (mid to high 80s) and chances of precipitation have

increased. The monsoon season has begun and recent precipitation may delay harvest slightly in

some areas.

Temperature Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Normal

Precipitation Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Below Normal

*Courtesy of Planalytics, Inc.

 

Insect Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 07/24/13

Thrips

Thrips numbers (adult and juvenile) ranged from 0 to 80 per plant with a mean of 14 per plant in

the final remaining unharvested sentinel plot (1).

Other

No reports at this time

 

Disease Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 07/24/13

Iris yellow spot virus

No reports at this time

Soil-borne Diseases (Damping Off, Pink Root, Fusarium)

Pink root has become more apparent in some sentinel plots as harvest draws nearer. However,

losses appear to be minor.

Fungal Diseases (purple blotch, downy mildew, Botrytis)

No surveys or reports at this time

Bacterial Diseases (Xanthomonas, center rot, soft rots)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

State Contact for Project

Chris Cramer

Professor of Horticulture

New Mexico State University

Email:cscramer@nmsu.edu

Collaborators: Mark Uchanski*, Mike Petersen

*Starting June 01, 2013 Mark Uchanski will serve as the state contact (uchanski@nmsu.edu).

Chris Cramer – NM State Commentary – Onion ipmPIPE

yellowonion

2013NewMexicoCommentary%20%2806-26-13%29

New Mexico Commentary

Onion Crop Growth Stage and Status Last Modified: 06/26/13

The autumn-sown crop is mostly harvested and the spring sown-crop is at growth stage 6-9 with

harvest continuing over the coming weeks. Bulb yields and quality should be good as

environmental conditions have been ideal, albeit warm, necessitating frequent irrigations (every

5-7 days until dry down for harvest).

 

Weather Impacts (temperature, rain, hail, freezing) Last Modified: 06/26/13

Temperatures have increased to the low 100s, but this is normal for this time of year. The

temperatures have been ideal for onion growth. There has been very little rainfall, although some

locations have received trace amounts. The “monsoon” season typically begins in early July, but

significant rainfall is not expected in the next two weeks.

Temperature Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Normal

Precipitation Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Below Normal

*Courtesy of Planalytics, Inc.

 

Insect Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 06/26/13

Thrips

Thrips numbers (adult and juvenile) averaged 0 to 10 per plant depending upon the sentinel plot.

There is a wide diversity of thrips pressure in the sentinel plots sampled with some quite low,

some with moderate pressure, and others with “spotty” pressure likely due to proximity to the

edge of the field and crops in adjacent fields.

Other

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Disease Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 06/07/13

Iris yellow spot virus

No reports at this time

Soil-borne Diseases (Damping Off, Pink Root, Fusarium)

No surveys or reports at this time

Fungal Diseases (purple blotch, downy mildew, Botrytis)

No surveys or reports at this time

Bacterial Diseases (Xanthomonas, center rot, soft rots)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

State Contact for Project

Chris Cramer

Professor of Horticulture

New Mexico State University

Email:cscramer@nmsu.edu

Collaborators: Mark Uchanski*, Mike Petersen

*Starting June 01, 2013 Mark Uchanski will serve as the state contact (uchanski@nmsu.edu).

Chris Cramer – NM State Commentary – Onion ipmPIPE

yellowonion

2013NewMexicoCommentary (06-07-13)

New Mexico Commentary

Onion Crop Growth Stage and Status Last Modified: 06/07/13

The autumn-sown crop is progressing well and harvesting has begun in some locations. Bulb

yields and quality should be good as environmental conditions have been ideal. The spring-sown

crop is also progressing well. Up to this point, environmental conditions have been ideal for

growing the crop. Depending upon the location, spring-sown plant stages range from 8 to 12 true

leaves per plant and some earlier maturing cultivars are beginning to bulb.

 

Weather Impacts (temperature, rain, hail, freezing) Last Modified: 06/07/13

Temperatures have increased to the high 90s, but this is normal for this time of year. The

temperatures have been ideal for onion growth. There has been very little rainfall, although some

locations have received trace amounts. Additional rainfall is not expected in the next two weeks.

Temperature Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Normal

Precipitation Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Below Normal

*Courtesy of Planalytics, Inc.

 

Insect Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 06/07/13

Thrips

Thrips numbers (adult and juvenile) averaged of 6 to 10 per plant depending upon sentinel plot.

These numbers are expected to increase with the next sampling date.

Other

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Disease Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 06/07/13

Iris yellow spot virus

No reports at this time

Soil-borne Diseases (Damping Off, Pink Root, Fusarium)

No surveys or reports at this time

Fungal Diseases (purple blotch, downy mildew, Botrytis)

No surveys or reports at this time

Bacterial Diseases (Xanthomonas, center rot, soft rots)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

State Contact for Project

Chris Cramer

Professor of Horticulture

New Mexico State University

Email:cscramer@nmsu.edu

Collaborators: Mark Uchanski*, Mike Petersen

*Starting June 01, 2013 Mark Uchanski will serve as the state contact (uchanski@nmsu.edu).

Chris Cramer – NM State Commentary – Onion ipmPIPE

yellowonion

2013NewMexicoCommentary (05-24-13)

New Mexico Commentary

Onion Crop Growth Stage and Status Last Modified: 05/24/13

The autumn-sown crop is progressing well. Harvesting should begin within a week or two in

some locations. Bulb yields and quality should be good as environmental conditions have been

ideal. The spring-sown crop is progressing well. Up to this point, environmental conditions have

been ideal for growing the crop. Depending upon the location, plant stages range from 5 to 12

true leaves per plant with those earlier maturing cultivars producing the largest plants.

 

Weather Impacts (temperature, rain, hail, freezing) Last Modified: 05/24/13

Temperatures have been normal for this time of year. The temperatures have been ideal for onion

growth. Some rainfall occurred two weeks ago. Additional rainfall is not expected in the next

two weeks.

Temperature Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Normal

Precipitation Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Below Normal

*Courtesy of Planalytics, Inc.

 

Insect Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 05/24/13

Thrips

Thrips numbers (adult and juvenile) averaged of 0 to 8 per plant depending upon sentinel plot.

These numbers are expected to increase with the next sampling date.

Other                                                                   

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Disease Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 05/24/13

Iris yellow spot virus

No reports at this time

Soil-borne Diseases (Damping Off, Pink Root, Fusarium)

No surveys or reports at this time

Fungal Diseases (purple blotch, downy mildew, Botrytis)

No surveys or reports at this time

Bacterial Diseases (Xanthomonas, center rot, soft rots)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

State Contact for Project

Chris Cramer

Professor of Horticulture

New Mexico State University

Email:cscramer@nmsu.edu

Collaborators: Mark Uchanski, Mike Petersen

Chris Cramer – NM State Commentary – Onion ipmPIPE

yellowonion

2013NewMexicoCommentary (05-09-13)

New Mexico Commentary

Onion Crop Growth Stage and Status Last Modified: 05/09/13

The autumn-sown crop is progressing well. Harvesting should begin within a month in some

locations. Bulb yields and quality should be good as environmental conditions have been ideal.

The spring-sown crop is progressing well. Up to this point, environmental conditions have been

ideal for growing the crop. Depending upon the location, plant stages range from 3 to 12 true

leaves per plant with those earlier maturing cultivars producing the largest plants.

Weather Impacts (temperature, rain, hail, freezing) Last Modified: 05/09/13

Temperatures have been cooler than normal for this time of year. The temperatures have been

ideal for onion growth. Temperatures are going to increase next week. It has been 2.5 months

since the last rainfall event. Precipitation is forecasted for the next few days. Much lower

allocations of surface water for the coming growing season is of concern regarding soil salt

management. Higher salt levels in pumped irrigation water is impacting some onion production

fields.

Temperature Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Above Normal

Precipitation Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Normal

*Courtesy of Planalytics, Inc.

Insect Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 05/09/13

Thrips

Thrips numbers (adult and juvenile) range from 0 to 33 per plant with an average of 0 to 7 per

plant depending upon sentinel plot. These numbers are expected to increase with the next

sampling date as weather conditions become more conducive for thrips development.

Other

No surveys or reports at this time

Disease Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 05/09/13

Iris yellow spot virus

No reports at this time

Soil-borne Diseases (Damping Off, Pink Root, Fusarium)

No surveys or reports at this time

Fungal Diseases (purple blotch, downy mildew, Botrytis)

No surveys or reports at this time

Bacterial Diseases (Xanthomonas, center rot, soft rots)

No surveys or reports at this time

State Contact for Project

Chris Cramer

Professor of Horticulture

New Mexico State University

Email:cscramer@nmsu.edu

Collaborators: Mark Uchanski, Mike Petersen

Chris Cramer – New Mexico State Commentary – Onion ipmPIPE

yellowonion

2012NewMexicoCommentary (07-27-12)

New Mexico Commentary 

 

Onion Crop Growth Stage and Status Last Modified: 07/27/12

The harvest of the spring-sown crop is proceeding well. Yields and quality should be good as

environmental conditions have been ideal. Some delays in harvest may occur due to wet fields.

Market prices have increased due to reduced supply. An additional sentinel plot has been

harvested with only one remaining. The last remaining sentinel plot will be harvested before the

next sampling date. Depending upon the location, the harvest of the spring-sown crop should

conclude in the next 2-3 weeks. This is the last report.

 

Weather Impacts (temperature, rain, hail, freezing) Last Modified: 07/27/12

Summer monsoon conditions continue with decreased temperatures and sporadic rainfall. This

rainfall may have resulted in some wet fields and a delay in harvest depending upon the location.

Since the start of the month, rainfall totals have averaged 1-3” depending upon location.

 

Temperature Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Normal

Precipitation Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Normal

*Courtesy of Planalytics, Inc. 

 

Insect Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 07/27/12

Thrips

Thrips numbers (adult and juvenile) range from 0 to 79 per plant with an average of 2 per plant.

 

Other

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Disease Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 07/27/12

Iris yellow spot virus

No reports at this time

 

Soil-borne Diseases (Damping Off, Pink Root, Fusarium)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Fungal Diseases (purple blotch, downy mildew, Botrytis)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Bacterial Diseases (Xanthomonas, center rot, soft rots)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

State Contact for Project

Chris Cramer

Professor of Horticulture

New Mexico State University

Email:cscramer@nmsu.edu

Collaborators: Mark Uchanski, Mike Petersen

 

Chris Cramer – New Mexico State Commentary – Onion ipmPIPE

yellowonion

2012NewMexicoCommentary (07-13-12)

New Mexico Commentary

Onion Crop Growth Stage and Status Last Modified: 07/13/12
The harvest of the spring-sown crop has begun. Yields and quality should be good as
environmental conditions have been ideal. Some delays in harvest may occur due to wet fields.
Market prices have increased due to reduced supply. Two sentinel plots have been harvested and
it is anticipated that the remaining two plots will be harvested by the next report.

Weather Impacts (temperature, rain, hail, freezing) Last Modified: 07/13/12
Summer monsoon conditions have arrived since the last report. Daily maximum temperatures
have decreased since the last report. Morning and afternoon rain showers have occurred in most
production areas. This rainfall may have resulted in some wet fields and a delay in harvest
depending upon the location. Since the start of the month, rainfall totals have averaged 1-2”
depending upon location.
Temperature Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Normal
Precipitation Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Normal
*Courtesy of Planalytics, Inc.

Insect Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 07/13/12

Thrips
Thrips numbers (adult and juvenile) range from 0 to 48 per plant with an average of 4-6
depending upon sentinel plot. Growers have done an excellent job at controlling thrips
populations.

Other
No surveys or reports at this time

Disease Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 07/13/12

Iris yellow spot virus
No reports at this time

Soil-borne Diseases (Damping Off, Pink Root, Fusarium)
No surveys or reports at this time

Fungal Diseases (purple blotch, downy mildew, Botrytis)
No surveys or reports at this time

Bacterial Diseases (Xanthomonas, center rot, soft rots)
No surveys or reports at this time

State Contact for Project
Chris Cramer
Professor of New Mexico State University
New Mexico State University
Email:cscramer@nmsu.edu
Collaborators: Mark Uchanski, Mike Petersen

Chris Cramer – New Mexico State Commentary – Onion ipmPIPE

yellowonion

 

New Mexico Commentary

 

Onion Crop Growth Stage and Status Last Modified: 06/29/12

The harvest of the autumn-sown crop is complete for most areas. The earliest maturing cultivars of the spring-sown crop will be harvested in the coming week for some areas. For most cultivars and most areas, plants of the spring-sown crop are bulbing. Bulb yield and quality should be good as weather conditions have been conducive for plant development. Market prices have increased due to reduced supply as the harvest of the autumn-sown is nearly complete and the spring-sown has yet to be harvested. By the next scouting date in two weeks, some sentinel plots will have been harvested as the fields are planted with early-maturing, spring-sown cultivars.

 

Weather Impacts (temperature, rain, hail, freezing) Last Modified: 06/29/12

Temperatures have been higher than normal for this time of year with maximum daily temperatures averaging over 100F for most areas. Days have been sunny with very little cloud cover and no rainfall. The summer monsoon is forecasted to start next week with the chance for afternoon thunderstorms and reduced daily maximum temperatures.

 

Temperature Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Normal

Precipitation Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Normal

*Courtesy of Planalytics, Inc.

 

Insect Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 06/29/12

Thrips 

Thrips numbers (adult and juvenile) range from 0 to 35 per plant depending upon sentinel plot. These numbers have decreased since the last observation and are expected to remain low as plants near harvest. Growers have done an excellent job at controlling thrips populations.

 

Other

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Disease Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 06/29/12

Iris yellow spot virus

No reports at this time

 

Soil-borne Diseases (Damping Off, Pink Root, Fusarium)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Fungal Diseases (purple blotch, downy mildew, Botrytis)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Bacterial Diseases (Xanthomonas, center rot, soft rots)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

State Contact for Project
Chris Cramer
Professor of New Mexico State University
New Mexico State University
Email:cscramer@nmsu.eduCollaborators: Mark Uchanski, Mike Petersen

 

Chris Cramer – NM State Commentary – Onion ipmPIPE

yellowonion

New Mexico Commentary

 

Onion Crop Growth Stage and Status Last Modified: 06/15/12

The harvest of the autumn-sown crop is more than halfway complete. Environmental conditions have been ideal for harvest and curing. High temperatures and winds have caused onion varieties to mature earlier than they might have. Market prices could be higher. The spring-sown crop is progressing well. Up to this point, environmental conditions have been ideal for growing the crop. Depending upon the location, plant stages range from 7 to 11 true leaves per plant with those earlier maturing cultivars producing the largest plants. Some bulb initiation has occurred. Crop development is on track to start harvesting in July.

 

Weather Impacts (temperature, rain, hail, freezing) Last Modified: 06/15/12

Weather conditions have been normal for this time of year. Days are sunny with very little cloud cover and no rainfall. The daily maximum temperatures have averaged in the mid 90s. Temperatures are forecasted to be higher next week.

 

Temperature Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Above Normal

Precipitation Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Below Normal

*Courtesy of Planalytics, Inc.

 

Insect Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 06/15/12

Thrips 

Thrips numbers (adult and juvenile) range from 0 to 75 per plant depending upon sentinel plot. These numbers are expected to increase with the next sampling date as weather conditions become more conducive for thrips development.

 

Other

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Disease Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 06/15/12

Iris yellow spot virus

No reports at this time

 

Soil-borne Diseases (Damping Off, Pink Root, Fusarium)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Fungal Diseases (purple blotch, downy mildew, Botrytis)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

Bacterial Diseases (Xanthomonas, center rot, soft rots)

No surveys or reports at this time

 

State Contact for Project
Chris Cramer
Professor of New Mexico State University
New Mexico State University
Email:cscramer@nmsu.eduCollaborators: Mark Uchanski, Mike Petersen

 

Chris Cramer – New Mexico State Commentary – Onion ipmPIPE

yellowonion

2012NewMexicoCommentary (06-05-12)

New Mexico Commentary
Onion Crop Growth Stage and Status Last Modified: 06/05/12
The autumn-sown crop is currently being harvested. Bulb yields and quality should be good as
environmental conditions have been ideal. Market prices could be higher than currently. The
spring-sown crop is progressing well. Up to this point, environmental conditions have been ideal
for growing the crop. Depending upon the location, plant stages range from 6 to 10 true leaves
per plant with those earlier maturing cultivars producing the largest plants. Some bulb initiation
has occurred. Crop development is on track to start harvesting in July.
Weather Impacts (temperature, rain, hail, freezing) Last Modified: 06/05/12
The daily maximum temperatures have returned to normal (mid 90s) for this time of year. In mid
May, there were three days of rain that broke a 2.5 month lack of rainfall. During those rainfall
events, some hail caused damage to onion fields in the Hatch growing area. Both the autumnand
spring-sown crops should recover there. Since that time, there has been no rainfall with none
forecasted for the next ten days.
Temperature Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Above Normal
Precipitation Outlook* [2 – 4 weeks]: Below Normal
*Courtesy of Planalytics, Inc.

Insect Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 06/05/12
Thrips
Thrips numbers (adult and juvenile) range from 0 to 25 per plant depending upon sentinel plot.
These numbers are expected to increase with the next sampling date as weather conditions
become more conducive for thrips development.
Other
No surveys or reports at this time

Disease Scouting, Outlook and Management Last Modified: 06/05/12
Iris yellow spot virus
No reports at this time
Soil-borne Diseases (Damping Off, Pink Root, Fusarium)
No surveys or reports at this time

Fungal Diseases (purple blotch, downy mildew, Botrytis)
No surveys or reports at this time

Bacterial Diseases (Xanthomonas, center rot, soft rots)
No surveys or reports at this time
State Contact for Project

Chris Cramer
Professor of New Mexico State University
New Mexico State University
Email:cscramer@nmsu.edu
Collaborators: Mark Uchanski, Mike Peterson